The Importance of “Human Capital” in Financial Planning



For a company or organization, “Human Capital” is a measure of the skills, education, capacity and attributes of labor which influence their productive capacity and earning potential.

According to the OECD, human capital is defined as:

“the knowledge, skills, competencies and other attributes embodied in individuals or groups of individuals acquired during their life and used to produce goods, services or ideas in market circumstances”.

Human capital of the economy – The aggregate human capital of an economy, which will be determined by national educational standards


Gary Becker , a renowned behavioral economist defined  “Human Capital” (1964) as “determined by education, training, medical treatment, and is effectively a means of production. Increased human capital explains the differential of income for graduates. Human capital is also important for influencing rates of economic growth.”


Human Capital from Individual's Perspective :


But as for individual, human capital is the economic value of our ability and skills to earn an income and it is an important part of our big-picture in financial and retirement planning.

In most of the financial planning , we often overlook the importance of our “human capital” and paid too much attention in chasing or trying to achieve the highest ROI of our financial asset.
I think during the early stage of “wealth accumulation “, one should focus or at least give more attention to improve our earning power to achieve an “above average “ income level as compare to our peers.

We do understand the important of “ saving  and investing “ but as the most simple and yet important equation shown :

Saving = Income- expenses

Ultimately , to increase our saving rate is not just by cutting our unnecessary expenses ( or cutting down our spending on Starbucks –just kidding ) , one should also look at the other side of the equation of “income “ through the potential of our human capital.

For a typical individual in their 20’s or 30s , you may have tremendous potential in human capital but generally little financial capital or savings. 




The relationship between our human and financial capital generally reverses as we reach our 50’s. If we have earned, saved and invest successful, our financial capital should increase as our earning power from human capital (income) decrease.


As such, “Human capital” is critical when considering our financial future as well as ways to reduce risk and maintain financial stability throughout the course of a lifetime.

As we age, our human capital is diminished. We have fewer working years ahead, and health (of ourselves or our loved one) can play an important factor in our ability to keep working , by that time , our income from “financial asset “ should play a bigger role and taking over from our human capital.


Bench-marking your salary :

How about doing a bench-marking of your salary with other cohorts at your age group.

Below taken from “www.salary.sg/2015/

So, simply divide your total gross annual income (including bonus) by 12, enter the result below and compare away:

Within the "40 - 44" age group, your gross monthly pay of $9,100 
places you at the 75.5th percentile among males.
You are in the top 24.5% of your cohort.
Gross Monthly Income: 
Compare with age group: 
            
Compare with gender: 
   
 © Salary.sg 2015


With this , STE felt he is very lucky and happy to see that his last draw salary level in 2014 are in top 24.5% of his cohort. With simple lifestyle and be able to save more from his income and invest (more during crisis ) , his is able to live on his “financial “ income since 2015.

<I am not so sure how accurate is the result, but anyway , I am happy with it … hahaha 😉.. kind of informal disclaimer >

I am very sure that much of my investment capital came from my “human capital and couple with my simple & frugal lifestyle. My advice to younger generation’s investors is not to overlook the importance of our “human capital “ in chasing for higher ROI of our financial investment.


Cheers !!






"In the long run, your human capital is your main base of 
competition. Your leading indicator of where you're going to be 20 years from now is how well you're doing in your education system. "Bill Gates












Below quoted from Investopedia on how should we allocate our financial capital (portfolio ) base on our human capital.


How Does “Human Capital " Affect Your Financial Capital Allocation?

Over your lifetime, your human and financial capital should go in opposite directions. As you age, you have the opportunity to use your human capital to increase your financial capital. It is an "opportunity" because financial capital is not a given; it is earned though wages, savings and smart investment decisions. (For more on this, see 
Young Investors: What Are You Waiting For?)

During your working career, the risk characteristics of your human capital should affect how you allocate your financial capital. Factors like job stability, income volatility and the industry sector in which you work should all be considered when selecting an asset allocation for your financial capital. Below are two examples of how the risk characteristics of your human capital can affect the asset allocation of your financial capital.

< Read the full article : here >

What do you think ? Should we take on more risky asset if we have a more stable job and higher income level ?





Appendix :

From $115K (YOA 2014) , $105K (YOA 2015) to Zero in (YOA 2016) !

STE’s household income suddenly dropped by more than $100 K from 2015 onward and for YOA 2017 will still be zero in my next submission.

Although this is a really big dropped from absolute value point of view, but maintaining a simple lifestyle allow us to survive with income from financial asset for the past 2.5 years.  Avoiding “Lifestyle Inflation is also the key to achieve F.I.R.E.

Well, some may think that lifestyle is a choice , one may choose to continue upgrading his house , buying bigger car and more luxury items etc… Yes ! I choose to exchange all that with “TIME “ ,, more time for me to spend with my family , more time to do exercise , more to time read , more time to do gardening , more time  to blog and recently more time to catch Pokemon ! hahaha  😊







---- EOM -----

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