Portfolio & Dividends Update : 3rd Qtr 2022

Wow, time flies !! we are in the last month of the third quarter of 2022 and I am sure all of us are experiencing a very different year in 2022. The market is full of F.U.D ( Fear /Uncertainty / Doubt) and so far we can see that it is very volatile, I have seen my portfolio up by almost 11% in early this year and tanked to more than -3% after the Russian-Ukraine war broke out in end Feb. Now my portfolio is up by only 3.1% YTD ( including dividends), so you may notice that most of the gain came from dividends.

All major economy ( or block) seems to have their own set of problems. For China, the main issues still are the slowing down of the economy due to the crackdown in the Tech sector and the cooling down of property investment. China's government is trying to boost the economy by increasing government spending on infrastructure and encouraging investment in sectors like New Energy / EV  / Tech ( IC & Chips design and manufacturing ) etc, but as I mentioned before, with the "Zero-Covid " policy and recent lockdown of another big city Chengdu, I think it is hard to see any improvement on China's economy if such draconian and strict policy continue. Mobility is still the key to any economic activities and all the policies will not have much impact if we continue to see cities and people being locked-down from time to time.

High inflation is still a major problem for all of us and the impact is much more severe in European countries with energy costs increased by almost 10 folds. Such high energy costs already caused thousands of mom-and-pop shops/cafes/bars to close shop and it also affected those SMEs with cash flow problems. 

War / High Energy Cost / Weaker EUR / Capital outflow .... this winter will be really tough for European countries and is also a dilemma for ECB to be more aggressive in increasing the interest rate which may affect the smaller / weaker economy within the block, will the PIGS debts crisis happens again? Things to watch out...

As for the US, other than high inflation and a more hawkish FED, I think the bigger issue now will be the possible impact on  FED's promise to "shrink " its balance sheet more aggressively from 1st Sep onwards. A stronger dollar and capital outflow from EUR and some Asian Countries due to geopolitical tensions may help to some extent, but the sentiment from the market is "unpredictable!

OK, enough talking about Macro issues, now back to my portfolio and dividend update :)

Before that, allow me to sidetrack a bit on my 2nd Qtr dividend. 

As you know, whenever I bought a new stock, I will create an excel-sheet to track all my stock in XIRR format and measure the overall performance ( capital + dividend). 

In June this year, one of my stocks ( BHP Group) gave out the in-specie dividend ( WOODSIDE Energy ) to its shareholders and I didn't update this as part of the dividend under BHP instead, I updated the cost of Woodside Energy as zero. I realized that this resulted in not accurate XIRR for BHP when the share price went XD, it dropped by almost -10% and it doesn't really show the true value for BHP as the dividend was not being counted initially.

So I decided to re-calculate the XIRR and add the dividend in specie ( value ) into BHP and reflect it as cost for Woodside Energy. So now the XIRR for my BHP increased to 38.3% as compared to before at 31.8% ( prior to adding the value of dividend in specie )




OK, for some, it is just a right pocket or left pocket, as it will be reflected in dividend ( BHP ) or capital gain under Woodside Energy. But I guess such an adjustment will be more accurate to reflect the true performance of BHP Group in the end.


Know or Measure Your Portfolio / Stock XIRR


I think all serious investors should at least know or measure your R.O.I. There are a few methods of measuring your investment performance be it "time-weighted" or "money-weighted", some using N.A.V or CAGR, and some using IRR or XIRR. You may use whichever criteria to measure your R.O.I, as for me since I track the cash flow movement ( Buy/Sell/Dividend ) in the long term, the XIRR method suits me well.


Keeping Track of Your Dividend < STE Blog 11 Oct 2016>


As I mentioned in my previous blog post, everyone should keep track of their dividend income as part of the R.O.I. 

Returns can be in form of capital gain/loss ( mostly for growth stocks and some value stocks ), and dividends received.

OK, there is another form of return i.e share-buyback by the company. This is also one of the ways to increase shareholder value, by doing the share buyback and canceling it eventually, it will reduce the outstanding share and increase the EPS of the company. This is what most US companies are doing and is deemed more tax efficient as dividend/capital gain tax is higher in the US.

A company can decide which is the best for shareholders, either keep the profit and reinvest which may generate higher earnings and boost the share price, doing the share buyback to increase EPS if companies felt nothing good to re-invest the earnings or return the cash to shareholders in the form of as a dividend.


So the TSR (Total Shareholder Return) could be in Capital ( Gained / Lost ) + Dividend + Share Buyback 


The Power of Dividend  <STE Blog 11 Sep 2017 >








The Power of Dividends: Past, Present, and  Future < Source: hartfordfunds.com>

Dividends have played a significant role in the returns investors have received during the past 50 years. Going back to 1960, 84% of the total return of the S&P 500 Index1 can be attributed to reinvested dividends and the power of compounding, as illustrated in FIGURE 1.



As a Value / Income investor, I pay more attention to dividends, of course, other than the company's fundamentals like its debt level/ free cash flow / PE /PB, etc. 

I do keep track of my portfolio performance based on sectors and markets breakdown as below:



If we compare it with my previous update here <Link> ( in 3rd Qtr 2021 ): vs 3rd Qtr 2022

You may notice that :

- During this overall % of dividend returns increased to 87.3% vs 80.7% in 3rd Qtr 2021, this is due to the drop in capital gain/loss in my portfolio from $476.6K to now $317.9K.

- But the dividend received increased by $190K which resulted in a net increase of $32K in total gain.

- Oil&Gas / Commodities contributed the most by around $90K and follow by Finance ( $49K) , REIT ( $30K), Conglomerate ( $19K)

- The big dropped in Capital Gain was mainly due to TECH sectors as I increased the purchases throughout the year, now, I am sitting on a "paper loss " of around -$197K. , an increase of around $150K over last year.

- The biggest gain is from Oil&Gas/Commodities with a total increase of +$121K.

- Overall XIRR dropped to 14.7% ( since inception) vs the last update of 15.3%, I think over the year, this is a kind of "diminishing return" where return may revert to "mean" if we can't consistently outperform the market.

- YES! is not a mistake, I am still sitting with a loss of -$14K  for HKG Market after I made my 1st purchase of the stock from HKEX 3 years ago. This is even with the collection of a $200K dividend during the same period.  It is a kind of "perfect storm"  as far as the HKG market is concerned, crisis after crisis, from Trade War since 2016, followed by RIOTs 2019 ( 反送中运动), COVID-19 20199-2020, CHN Tech crackdown 2021, CHN Property crash 2021/2022, Zero-Covid Policy (Lockdown ) ......

I can feel and sense the "frustration"  for investors investing in the HK market, I personally also don't expect such prolonged downward market corrections and sentiment. The "Regulatory Risk" is unpredictable and has such a deep impact on overall market sentiment, coupled with a weak global economy due to high inflation/ War / Geopolitical tensions/supply chain disruption, etc. 

I don't expect any quick rebound from the HK market unless first and foremost, the CCP government will need to ease and get away with this " Zero-Covid" policy, then we may see the effect of stimulus start to kick in.

I can understand some already "jump-ship" and cut-loss on their investment in the HKG market, for me, I will just sit tight and wait. I don't think the government will implement this Zero-Covid policy indefinitely, at some point, it may have to ease and treat it as flu endemic like most of the countries are doing now.

As I said before, All Roads Lead To Rome, you can be a growth investor or an income investor, on your own preference and risk tolerance. It is just that for me, I choose the "path " of income investment with a bit of diversification in the TECH sector.


Now, allow me to show you the chart on both " Capital Gain/Loss " vs "Dividend Income " based on the above table. A more "visualize" format to explain both.





Over the period of your investment journey, your capital gain/loss may increase along the way. Once your Portfolio size became bigger, the fluctuation could be huge and you will need a strong "heart" and mentally prepare for such a situation during the "max drawdown" like in Global Financial Crisis or Covid-19 Pandemic. You can't really time the market by moving in or out from the market like a day trader, so you may end up sitting with a huge negative P/L in your portfolio, like for me, during the Covid-19 crisis, my portfolio value was down by more than -$700+K.

But If you know that the market is just like a pendulum and moves in a cycle, it will rebound and recover eventually, kind of reverting to mean, as long as the companies you invested in are sound and strong fundamentally. (like the chart on the left-hand side )

 

Capital Gain/Loss are just temporary and fluctuated quarter by quarter ( during earning announcement) or year by year (during the crisis), just look at how BRK or Temasek announced its quarterly loss in the recent results announcement. It doesn't affect the long-term view of these companies at all, the short-term impairment or value adjustment of their underlying asset is quite normal and happens from time to time.

Your portfolio value will swing up and down according to market sentiment and based on the mood of Mr. Market. It may end up in negative during extreme pessimism period like during any crisis and positive during good time and market is full of good news and at maximum optimistic.


Buffett’s firm reports a $44B loss but its businesses thrive <source: apnews.com>


The conglomerate’s operating earnings — which encompass profits made from the myriad of businesses owned by the conglomerate like insurance, railroads, and utilities — totaled $9.283 billion in the second quarter of 2022, Berkshire reported Saturday morning. It marked a 38.8% increase from the same quarter a year ago.

However, the company posted a $53 billion loss on its investments during the quarter. The legendary investor again asked investors to not focus on the quarterly fluctuations in its equity investments.

“The amount of investment gains/losses in any given quarter is usually meaningless and delivers figures for net earnings per share that can be extremely misleading to investors who have little or no knowledge of accounting rules,” Berkshire said in a statement.


We should focus on the cash flow from the underlying business in the long run instead of asset price fluctuation/value in the short term.


For the right-hand side chart on dividends received in the long run, it will increase over the period from a small amount accumulated to a bigger and more meaningful or substantial amount once your portfolio size became bigger.

Well, the chart looks quite familiar, right? This is almost identical to what I have attached to my blog post on my Quarterly Portfolio & Dividend update.  :)





This is the "Power of Compounding Effect", you may just start with a very small amount, but once you re-invest and accumulate over a long period of time, the chart will simply look like this. Think "long term" and have the patience to slowly accumulate this dividend from your stocks.

As Malay Proverb said "Sedikit-sedikit lama-lama jadi bukit."  In literal translation, it means "Bit by bit, over time, it will accumulate into a mountain."





Portfolio & Dividend Update : 3rd Qtr 2022


TTL Dividend Collected ( announced ) for 3rd Qtr 2022 : $62,127.89

TTL YTD Dividend ( 1-3 Qtrs ) 2022 : $161,364.43 ( YoY +14.8% )


** Second Qtr revised upward to $76,308.29 ( after adjusting to the dividend in specie from BHP Group)




The top dividend-contributed market this quarter is HKEX (43.8%) and followed by SGX 40.9%.

As usual, companies from the HKEX market normally distribute their dividend in 2nd or 3rd Qtr, that's why you can see from the bar chart above that 2nd and 3rd Qtr are normally higher than the other.

As I mentioned earlier, Oil&Gas/ Commodities really contribute much to my dividend this year, 5 or half of the Top 10 dividend stocks are from this sector. To some extent, the capital gain & dividend from this sector also manage to mitigate my losses in the Tech sector in 2022.



With some additional purchases on CNOOC / Sinopec / Shougang Fushan Res/ Woodside Energy( dividend in specie ) and together with the increase in value, the total allocation for Oil&Gas/Commodity increased to 20.9% ( vs 12.1% same period last year ).

The rest of the sectors remain mostly unchanged with Finacial still being the top in my portfolio with more than 30% in value.




I have added a few US tech stocks since the last update ( still a pretty small amount) and I might selectively and slowly add more if the price drops further. I added Nvidia before the latest news on high-end Chips sanction towards China, I guess the Semi-con sector will continue to be tough in the coming quarters, partly also due to the over-inventories problems coupled with slower demand globally.

I have also added JMH and CHN Mobile for dividends.


Top 30 Holdings ( 81% of TTL Portfolio Value)




31-75 ( 19 % of TTL Portfolio Value )






HKG/CHN market remains my top exposure with slightly more than 50% followed by SGX ( 34% ), LSE ( 13.3%), and NYSE (2.2%) but you can see from the below Regression Line Chart, that the market remains "depressed" and touching historical low, again and again.





With a YTD return of -17.8% , no doubt the HSI index is one of the worst-performing markets of course other than the US S&P 500 (- 17.7% ), and NASDAQ ( -25.6%) but both US indexes had gone up by more than 76% from Covid-19 low in March 2021, whereas HSI is still under and lower than Covid-19 low by -11%.  It seems that HSI never recover after Covid-19 and became worst with so many issues affecting HK/CHN as mentioned earlier.

I have no crystal ball to predict when will HSI recover, nobody knows and it may just stay low much longer than we think, like what economist John Maynard Keynes said: “Markets can stay irrational longer than you can stay solvent."

We shouldn't predict which direction the market will move but instead be prepared for the worst, get more war-chest or dry-powder ready if the market gets worst by another 10-20% drop.

We will see more "decoupling" from two major economies with the US trying to increase the TECH war against China, especially the more advanced feature tech, be it hardware or software.

Like what our PM said during the recent National Day Rally speech that our "external environment"  has become very troubled and challenging. The two super-powers (the US and China ) are divided over many issues and the conflict/tension is going to continue and increase regardless of who will be in power in the US government, be it, Democrat or Republican, playing with the "China Card" will be their TOP priority and politically "Right" as far as gaining the support from their voters is concerned.

The world and our region will no longer be as peaceful as before with increasing geopolitical tensions in this region, be ready for more " turbulence " ahead and conflicts that may affect the stock market.

The world will no longer be as safe and peaceful as before. Remembered the 4D I mentioned before, deglobalization, decoupling, deleveraging, de-dollarisation. The two super-power will be locked into a very deep conflict which is hard to untangle. We shouldn't expect to see much improvement on this, at most probably,the situation will getting worst.

From now onwards, I will be very selective and slow in increasing my Equity instead putting more $$ as the war chest in Bond and T-Bills. With increasing short-term interest rates, we have seen even the 6-Month T-Bill can fetch as high as 2.99% p.a in the latest auction dated 1st Sep 2022.

I find this is better than doing the VC3A to our CPF account ( when we have our excess cash), although on average we may get around a 3% interest rate from CPF, but this 6-Month T-Bill is more liquid and can be deployed as a war chest in case Mr. Market suddenly loses his "temper".


Investing in 2.96% p.a AAA Bond <Source: STE Blog>



Our friend, Kyith (from InvestmentMoat.com) had a detailed explanation in his blog on how to buy this 6-months T-Bills if you are trying to find a place to park your excess (short-term cash).


How to Buy Singapore 6-Month Treasury Bills (T-Bills) or 1-Year SGS Bonds <source: investmoats.com>


"Ladies and gentlemen, the plane ( Market ) is experiencing some minor ( major) turbulence at the moment, so for your own safety ( risk ) please fasten your seat belts! ( get your war chest ready ) "


Till next update ....


Cheers!


STE


Comments

  1. Thanks for sharing your update...Really power , Sir :)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi GlobalPassiveIncome,
      Thanks for the comments! I am also impressed with your $9.4 k dividend collected in Aug.Congrats!!.. hope your overall total dividend will exceed the 2021...
      :) Cheers

      Delete
  2. Hi Sim

    Was thinking why you haven't post for a while just 2 days ago. Lol. Since our last conversation that I worked in semiconductor all my life but never invest in any tech shares including the giants that I served as customers.

    Hope all is well with you and wife. Yea. ;)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Henry,
      Thanks for the comments, yah..I am a bit lazy to write recently...my blog may become quarterly update eventually..😅
      Yup..tech sector is cyclical especially semi-con, looks like commodity. Hard to predict...
      Thank you for asking,we are fine and as usual, morning walk n more exercise nowadays 🙂
      Hope you are doing well!
      Cheers!

      Delete
  3. Hi, this is Meyo from moomoo’s business development team.

    moomoo is a one-stop trading app that makes it easy for traders to do everything they need to trade stocks, including charting, trading & connecting with other traders. It is owned by FUTU, a Nasdaq-listed fintech with a market cap over US $6Billion and invested 30% by Tencent. (our web: www.moomoo.com/sg)

    We would like to discuss partnership opportunities with you. Let me know if you are interested and got any question. My email is meyolin@moomoo.com, Looking forward to talk further.

    Best,
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    ReplyDelete
  4. You are back, STE! Have been coming back periodically to look for nuggets of investing wisdom from you! As usual, I enjoy your post and I humbly request you to dispense your investing wisdom more often!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Nigel, thank you for the kind words and comments. 🙏

      Delete

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